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  • Writer's pictureDr Alex Dragan ND

Unveiling the Silent Struggle: Recognizing the Symptoms of Fibroids

Fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomas, are common benign growths that develop in the uterus. While some women may experience no symptoms, others face a range of discomforts that can significantly impact their quality of life. In this blog post, we will explore the symptoms associated with fibroids, shedding light on this often silent struggle that many women encounter.

Heavy and Prolonged Menstrual Bleeding

One of the primary symptoms of fibroids is heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia). Women with fibroids may experience abnormally long periods lasting over a week, accompanied by excessive bleeding. This can lead to fatigue, anemia, and feelings of weakness. If you frequently find yourself changing sanitary pads or tampons or passing large blood clots, it may indicate the presence of fibroids.

Pelvic Pain and Pressure

Fibroids can cause pelvic pain and pressure, ranging from mild discomfort to severe pain. Some women describe a persistent, dull ache in their lower abdomen or lower back. Fibroids can also exert pressure on the bladder, resulting in frequent urination or a constant urge to urinate. Similarly, they can affect the rectum, leading to constipation or difficulty with bowel movements.

Enlarged Abdomen

As fibroids grow larger, they can cause visible enlargement of the abdomen. This symptom is more common when fibroids are present in the uterine wall or protruding into the uterine cavity. The swelling may be mistaken for weight gain or pregnancy. If you notice a persistent increase in the size of your abdomen, particularly accompanied by other symptoms, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause.

Iron Deficiency Anemia

The heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding associated with fibroids can lead to iron deficiency anemia. Excessive blood loss can deplete the body's iron stores, resulting in fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, and lightheadedness. Women with fibroids and anemia may feel exhausted even after mild physical exertion. It is crucial to have your iron levels checked if you experience these symptoms, as proper management of anemia can significantly improve your overall well-being.

Reproductive and Fertility Issues

In some cases, fibroids can interfere with fertility or cause reproductive issues. Depending on their size and location, fibroids can affect the ability of an embryo to implant in the uterus or increase the risk of miscarriage. Additionally, fibroids can lead to complications during pregnancy, such as preterm labor or the need for a cesarean section. If you are facing infertility or experiencing reproductive difficulties, discussing the possibility of fibroids with a healthcare professional is crucial. Fibroids can be a source of significant discomfort and distress for many women. While some may exhibit no symptoms, others endure heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, an enlarged abdomen, anemia, or reproductive issues. It is crucial to recognize these symptoms and seek medical advice to receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, do not hesitate to consult a healthcare professional who can provide friendly and professional guidance, discussing the various treatment options available to manage fibroids effectively.


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